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About Nursing Course

New approaches in the care of the elderly in clinical and community nursing

The International Summer school program offers a wonderful opportunity to study in the beautiful Southern Bohemia region of the Czech Republic. Experts dealing with senior population issues in cooperation with experienced academics and educators have prepared lectures, seminars, workshops, and excursions to enrich your knowledge and improve your skills in caring for the elderly. The main benefit of our study-stay program is its detailed look at the important task of managing health care, and quality of life needs relative to the patients’ actual health condition while at the same time trying to maximize self-dependency and self-sufficiency.

The courses provide a window into a normal aging process and introduce students to some of the main health challenges experienced by seniors, including dementia. Best practices for supporting senior health and wellbeing will be discussed by examining ethical considerations and the principals of personhood. The program also includes lectures, seminars, workshops, and mentored projects created by students, which will be presented at the end of the program.

The role of the nurse in all stages of eldercare is critically important. The summer school program will give students the opportunity to understand the unique needs of the elderly and the associated specialized care more deeply. The summer program focuses on the role of the nurse in providing eldercare throughout all the different stages of aging. In addition, students will experience, at least partially, how seniors feel in different situations using simulated situations.

Aim:

  • increase awareness of the elderly as human beings and the specialized needs associated with providing eldercare.
  • compare the experiences, knowledge, and practice of eldercare as it exists in a variety of different countries
  • to familiarize yourself with the three-degree system as it relates to senior health care, self-dependency and self-sufficiency, and quality of life issues
  • describe the main risks factors impacting the elderly population
  • examine methods of risk prevention that can be applied to the elderly population
  • practice new approaches and methods of communication with the elderly

Outcomes:

The students will gain experience in developing and using specialized communication skills that promote effective communication with the elderly in a variety of environments, such as their home and community, as well as in clinical environments.

Content of lectures:

Nursing in elderly care in Czech Republic region

The theoretical and practical subject familiarizes the students with the fundamentals of organization of nursing care for seniors in the Czech Republic at national and local level. It informs of the nurse's position in home care, in social care institutions and health care institutions. It focuses on the characteristics of provision of health care and on funding from general health insurance, on health policy and role of the state with focus on seniors, as well as on basic legal regulations in the area of health care and funding resources.  The subject familiarizes the students with the basic characteristics of health service providers. The subject describes the network of health service providers, consisting of ambulance service, private consulting rooms of general practitioners and outpatient specialists, home care agencies, hospitals with wards and outpatient departments, professional therapeutic institutions, hospices, long-stay hospitals or social care institutions according to Acts No. 372/2011 Coll. and 108/2006 Coll. Last but not least, the student is familiarized with the methods of assessment and improvement of health care.                                                                                                                                 

Healthy and active ageing

The theoretical and practical subject highlights the need of preventive approach to old age, i.e. it suggests the potential activities suitable to maintain the physical and mental health as long as possible. It is focused on activities to maintain high quality of mental health, supported by geronto-pedagogy and by geronto-technologies. The subject provides information on the new discipline, gerotechnology, which responds to the torrent of electronics and IT technology in daily life. The subject familiarizes the students with positive and negative aspects, with benefits and obstacles of gerotechnology in seniors' life and education. It focuses on the issue of education of nursing care providers with emphasis on senior population. It familiarizes the students with didactic approach in geronto-pedagogy and motivation. It includes patho-physiological, pharmacological, psycho-social and ethical concepts. The theoretical and practical complex familiarizes the students with comprehensive care for chronic wounds, with regard to specific needs of senior patients.

Ethical and legal problems of seniors age

The theoretical subject familiarizes the students with ethical principles and approaches, which have moral importance in the profession of nurse when caring for seniors in the Czech Republic. It outlines the most frequent situations faced by the nurse during her work and their potential solutions, e.g. abuse and neglect of seniors, isolation of seniors, the issue of dying, etc.

Understanding the needs of senior age

The subject is designed as a theoretical and practical complex, which familiarizes the students with the differences in the area of satisfaction of needs in senior age. The subject takes as base the standardized classification of human needs by Abraham H. Maslow and it emphasizes the application of holistic approach to the senior's needs. The core of the subject consists in familiarization with individual problematic situations caused by disrupted needs in senior age. Special emphasis is put on the areas of human needs which show most distinctive particularities in relation to ageing. These are, for example, the needs of nutrition and hydration, the need of movement and self-sufficiency or the need of assurance and safety. The subject is aimed, among other things, at emphasizing the nurse's role at the level of monitoring and fulfilling the needs of the senior patient / client, based on the current competences of general nurses. In context of the above mentioned points, the students are familiarized with the theoretical and philosophical foundations, concepts and main units of D.E. Orem's conceptual model whose core consists in the area of self-care as the key factor influencing the satisfaction of human needs in old age.

The problems of fall in senior age

This thematic block of lectures will provide the summer school attendants with comprehensive information on the issue of falls in senior age. Increasing age leads to increasing risk of falls and of the seriousness of their consequences; sometimes devastating consequences of falls convert the fragile old-age patients into the most endangered group. Falls constitute a problem faced both in health care settings, social care settings or home environment. The course will outline the issue of risk factors of falls, their prevention and potential interventions.  The identification of risk patients is the most important part of preventive measures for this vulnerable population. The workshops, "practical exercises" and efficient training simulation techniques will also cover tried and tested procedures and techniques of correct and safe handling of patients / clients in hospital settings, in settings of long-term subsequent care and home environment.

Communication as a powerful skill in the care for seniors

The theoretical and practical subject defines and clarifies the principles and specific skills of communication with seniors, related to changes in old age, primarily sensory and cognitive changes. Emphasis is put on communication with persons suffering from different types of dementia. The subject also presents the newest models and concepts of care with emphasis on and use of communication technology. In the practical part of the subject, the students train the said skills in model situations, in dialogue and in solving challenging situations. The training is primarily focused on listening and reflection and on non-directive dialogue, respectively.

Modern technologies in elderly age and care

The fourth industrial revolution - digitalization - affects the seniors' life, as well as the care for seniors. The question is which benefits or obstacles it brings to the said persons and how seniors accept and use the ground-breaking changes in their daily life. This is the main topic of the seminar in which the students will ponder on and pass experiences with the methods of involvement and use of digitalization in care for seniors in their respective countries.

Traumatic injuries in senior age

The trauma problems in senior age has its specifics and it is different from solving other public health problems. It is due to changes of aged organism. Because of often falls, the most frequent are hip fractures, traffic accidents and burn injuries. The lecture will provide detail information about prevention of risks and care of elderly when injured.

Alternative care models that seek to respond to the needs of elders in the United States

The lecture provides the overview about the alternative care models that seek to respond to the needs of elders in the United States providing special attention to the topics of abuse and neglect and frailty. The lecture will be followed by a workshop.